*The cuticle and proximal nail fold is often called “the cuticle” and is often cut as part of the manicure service. The cuticle should be removed by soaking the fingers in warm soapy water, and a cuticle remover used to help lift the sticky cuticle from the nail plate by pushing and lightly scraping(…yes) but not cutting.
*Please see photo
Fingernail: A fingernail is produced by living skin cells in the finger. A fingernail consists of several parts including the nail plate (the visible part of the nail), the nail bed (the skin beneath the nail plate), the cuticle (the tissue that overlaps the plate and rims the base of the nail), the nail grooves (the skin folds that frame and support the nail on three sides), the lunula (the whitish half-moon at the base of the nail) and the matrix (the hidden part of the nail unit under the cuticle).
An appendage of the skin, this horny,translucent plate protects the tips of fingers and toes. The nail is composed mainly of keratin. A healthy nail should be whitish and translucent in appearance, with the pinkish color of the nail bed below showing through.